1 plants with sword-shaped leaves and erect stalks bearing bright-colored flowers composed of three petals and three drooping sepals [syn: flag, fleur-de-lis, sword lily]
2 muscular diaphragm that controls the size of the pupil; it forms the colored portion of the eye
3 diaphragm consisting of thin overlapping plates that can be adjusted to change the diameter of a central opening [syn: iris diaphragm] [also: irides (pl)]
EtymologyFrom Middle English, from Latin, from Greek (iris), rainbow.
- , /aɪrɪs/, /aIrIs/
Noun(See Usage notes)
- A plant of the genus Iris, common in the northern hemisphere, and generally having attractive blooms.
- A rainbow, or other colourful refraction of light.
- The contractile membrane perforated by the pupil, which adjusts to control the amount of light reaching the retina, and which forms the colored portion of the eye.
- (photography, cinematography) A diaphragm used to regulate the size of a hole, especially as a way of controlling the amount of light reaching a lens.
- Chinese: 鳶尾花, 鸢尾花 (yuānwěi huā)
- Dutch: iris m|f
- Finnish: kurjenmiekka
- French: iris
- German: Iris , Schwertlilie
- Italian: iris , giaggiolo
- Japanese: あやめ (ayamé), 菖蒲 (しょうぶ, shōbu)
- Korean: 붓꽃 (butggot), 창포 (changpo)
- Polish: irys
- Portuguese: íris
- Russian: ирис (íris) , касатик (kasátik)
- Spanish: lirio
- Swedish: iris
- Telugu: కంటిపాప (kaMTipaapa)
part of the eye
- Czech: duhovka
- Dutch: regenboogvlies , iris m|f
- Finnish: kehäkalvo
- French: iris
- German: Iris
- Greek: ίρις (íris)
- Italian: iride
- Japanese: 虹彩 (こうさい, kōsai)
- Korean: 홍채 (hongchae)
- Polish: tęczówka
- Portuguese: íris
- Russian: радужная оболочка (rádužnaja obolóčka) , ирис (íris)
- Slovene: šarenica
- Spanish: iris
- Swedish: iris
Usage notesFor the part of the eye, the usual medical plural is irides. For the flower both iris and irises are in common use.
- 1989, Ann Lovejoy, The Year in Bloom
- Is there anything more spectacular than the bearded iris in their short season?
- 1996, Katherine Grace Endicott, Northern California Gardening
- Tall bearded iris are in bloom now.
- 2004, Diana Beresford-Kroeger, A Garden for Life
- The bulbous iris are important because their early flowers provide a food source for bees and early flying insects.
- 1843, The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of
- In colour the irides are straw-yellow, the pupils black; forehead, nape, and back, very dark bluish-black; [...]
- 1989, Robert S Ridgely, The Birds of South America
- As in the caciques, bills are sharply pointed and pale, while irides are usually pale blue.
- 2001, John V Forrester et al., The Eye
- Later in life brown irides are the result of heavily pigmented melanocytes within the stroma.
- 1987, Pamela Harper, Frederick McGourty, Perennials
- Tall bearded irises are easy to grow but not always easy to grow well.
- 2000, Kevin C Voughn, Louisiana Iris
- Most iris lovers feel that Louisiana irises are now large enough.
- 2002, John E Bryan, Bulbs
- All these irises are sold as dry, dormant bulbs in fall.
- to slice
Iris may refer to:
In science and technology
- Iris (anatomy), the sphincter around the pupil of the eye, named after the colors in human and animal eyes
- Iris (plant), a genus of flowering plants, named after the rainbow
(insect), a genus of insects of the praying mantis family, in
the subfamily Mantinae
- Iris oratoria, the Mediterranean mantis
- Diaphragm (optics), a mechanical device found in cameras, which mimics the function of the biological iris
- Internal rotary inspection system, an ultrasonic inspection system for tubes
(diaphragm), any such mechanical device, as used in doors,
pipes, and electrical engineering
- Iris (Stargate), a mechanical iris seen on the television show Stargate SG-1
In the arts and popular culture
- Irises (painting), a painting of iris flowers by Vincent Van Gogh
- Iris printer, a true color injet printer used for industrial prepress proofs and fine art printing.
- Iris (film), a film about Irish novelist Iris Murdoch
- Iris (game), an game created to promote the video game Halo 3
- Iris magazine, a Dutch comic magazine
- Iris, a fictional queen in Piers Anthony's Xanth novels
- Iris (Mega Man), a fictional character in the video game Mega Man X4
- Iris, a pre-teen prostitute played by Jodie Foster in the 1976 film Taxi Driver
- Hurricane Iris and Typhoon Iris, tropical cyclones in the Atlantic and the Western Pacific
- Yeşil River, called Iris (Ίρις) by the Greeks
- Iris, Cluj-Napoca, a district in Romania
- Iris Associates, the company which developed Lotus Notes
- Iris Fund for Prevention of Blindness
- Iris (Corporation Berhad), a company in Malaysia
- IRIS (disambiguation)
iris in Bulgarian: Ирис
iris in Catalan: Iris
iris in Danish: Iris
iris in German: Iris
iris in Modern Greek (1453-): Ίρις
iris in Spanish: Iris (desambiguación)
iris in French: Iris
iris in Galician: Iris
iris in Croatian: Iris
iris in Icelandic: Íris
iris in Italian: Iris
iris in Luxembourgish: Iris
iris in Hungarian: Írisz
iris in Dutch: Iris
iris in Japanese: Iris
iris in Norwegian: Iris
iris in Norwegian Nynorsk: Iris (fleirtyding)
iris in Polish: Iris
iris in Portuguese: Íris (desambiguação)
iris in Romanian: Iris (dezambiguizare)
iris in Russian: Ирис
iris in Finnish: Iris
iris in Swedish: Iris
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